IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research

Print ISSN: 2581-9356

Online ISSN: 2581-9364

CODEN : IIJOCV

IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research (IJODR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2015 and is published under the Khyati Education and Research Foundation (KERF), is registered as a non-profit society (under the society registration act, 1860), Government of India with the vision of various accredited vocational courses in healthcare, education, paramedical, yoga, publication, teaching and research activity, with the aim of faster and better more...


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Original Article


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27-29


Authors Details

Sanjay Kumar*, A K Sharma


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To study the types of malocclusion, treatment mechanics and their various reasons of dropout cases of orthodontics patients: Prospective study at dental OPD (Orthodontics) at tertiary care centre, Patna, Bihar


Original Article

Author Details : Sanjay Kumar*, A K Sharma

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 27-29

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijodr.2021.005



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Abstract

Background: The malocclusion treatments were used to improve the smile and aesthetics. But at present in the modern era orthodontics treatment provides patients with psychological wellbeing, functional improvements in mastication, correction of speech abnormality, helps to maintain well-being in cleftlip patients, improvement in the tempro-mandibular joint dysfunction syndrome, orthognathic surgery to improve facial architecture of the abnormal face etc.
Materials and Methods: The orthodontics patients were selected from the dental opd (orthodontics) of the Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar. The study subjects were selected from the 16th of December 2019 to 31st of December 2020 from the dental opd record book.
Study design: The study was prospective in nature.
Statistical analysis: The tables are presented with simple demographic distributions of orthodontic patients
with malocclusion and their dropout rate etc in frequencies and percentages.
Result: The total numbers of patients reported within a year were 160.Most of the orthodontics patients reported with class1 malocclusion, class1 bimaxillary protrusion and the class11 div1. Most of the patients were treated, either with removable and or fixed orthodontics appliance. The number of patients who refuses the treatment due to extractions were (dropout) 24. The dropout rate was 15% in this study, in comparison to few studies reported in the literature.
Conclusion: Despite the lockdown due to Covid-19 pandemic, patients of orthodontic treatment were reasonable in number in comparisons to previous years. The main reason for dropout of orthodontic patients noticed in our centre was due to extraction advised to the patients.

Keywords: Types of malocclusion reasons for dropout rate, Orthodontic treatment mechanics.


How to cite : Kumar S , Sharma A K, To study the types of malocclusion, treatment mechanics and their various reasons of dropout cases of orthodontics patients: Prospective study at dental OPD (Orthodontics) at tertiary care centre, Patna, Bihar. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2021;7(1):27-29

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)