IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research

Print ISSN: 2581-9356

Online ISSN: 2581-9364

CODEN : IIJOCV

IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research (IJODR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2015 and is published under the Khyati Education and Research Foundation (KERF), is registered as a non-profit society (under the society registration act, 1860), Government of India with the vision of various accredited vocational courses in healthcare, education, paramedical, yoga, publication, teaching and research activity, with the aim of faster and better more...


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Original Article


Article page

241-244


Authors Details

Ozair Erfan*, Mohammad Hamed Rahmani, Gulbahar Taka


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Prevalence of midline diastema according to race in Afghanistan


Original Article

Author Details : Ozair Erfan*, Mohammad Hamed Rahmani, Gulbahar Taka

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 241-244

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijodr.2020.047



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Abstract

Objective: The main aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of Midline Maxillary diastema
according to three common races (Tajik, Pashtoon, and Hazara), sex, and type of dental arch among 999
OPD patients in National and Specialized Stomatology Hospital, Kabul-Afghanistan.
Materials and Methods: 999 patients in 15-30 years were selected by a systematic random sampling
method during the seventh month. Patients were examined directly intra-orally, and information was
collected by a single researcher, recorded on pre-prepared questioner forms, and then data analyzed by
the SPSS.25 software.
Results: The result shows that the prevalence of maxillary midline diastema was 5.8%, that most of them
were male 3.3% than females 2.3%. Frequency of midline diastema was more in Tajik race 6.5% than
Pashtoon 5.5% and Hazara 3.6%. According to the arch form, midline diastema appearance was mostly
detected in the Square arch form at 6.8% than the Ovoid 5.4% and Triangular 4.3%.

Keywords: Maxillary midline diastema gender race arch form.


How to cite : Erfan O, Rahmani M H, Taka G, Prevalence of midline diastema according to race in Afghanistan. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2020;6(4):241-244

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)