IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research (IJODR) an open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2015 and being published under auspices of the “Khyati Education and Research Foundation (KERF)”. The aim of faster and better dissemination of knowledge, we will be publishing article ‘Ahead of Print’ immediately on acceptance. more...
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Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020
Article Page : 1-4
Malocclusion can also be caused by abnormal functions, for instance, mouth breathing, tongue thrust, swallowing, and unilateral chewing and also by abnormal postures of oral circumferential muscles like forward tongue thrust, tongue biting, and low tongue at rest. Orthodontists agree that the tongue’s habitually abnormal movement can cause a variety of malocclusions. The aim of the present literature is to enlighten the anatomy & development of tongue, along with its functions and orthodontic implications (role in malocclusion).
Keywords: Tongue, Swallowing, Mastication, Orthodontics.
How to cite : Chakraborty P, Dhingra R, Chandra P, Tandon R, Azam A, Tongue: Anatomy, functions and orthodontic implications. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2020;6(1):1-4
Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)